Why Sewage Treatment Plants Are Important
In today’s society, sewage treatment plants have a very large role. Unfortunately, there are plenty of people repugnant to this industry as it involves waste thus they forgot the significance of this industry. Regardless of opinion, there are plenty of functions performed by each sewage treatment plant. Sewage treatment plants are also called by the public as home waste water treatment plant. Sewage treatment plants basically collect waste and water from all sewage lines then treat these in order to produce clean usable water. Sewage wastes always have the risk of pollution and germs carrying diseases thus sewage treatment plants take this process seriously. There are wastes which are avoided by sewage treatment plants such as chemical waste products. There are private sewage treatment facilities owned by commercial factories and industrial plants to treat waste products.
The whole sewage treatment process will go through 3 different stages. The first stage will remove those particles and substances which can be separated from the waste water easily. Among these contaminants are grease, oils, and other floating solids which can be found at the surface. Items like rocks and other large particles are completely removed to prevent them from damaging the treatment facility.
Next stage is the removal of any living contaminants like bacteria or germs as well as large living organisms in the waste water. In terms of the scope and depth of waste treatment, the second stage is considered the largest. Multiple treatment techniques are used during this stage. Among these techniques is the introduction of microorganisms to the waste water.
And lastly, the water is being cleaned enough to be useful to the environment. Filtration systems are used to produce clean water. There are also substances which are removed including nitrogen and phosphorous content in the water. And finally the water is treated with chlorine or UV treatment to disinfect the water.
Unlike water waste, those solid particles are individually taken care of. Treating the solid waste is also an important role of sewage treatment plants. There are usually two types of treatment process with the help of bacteria which are aerobic and anaerobic treatments. There is also the option to apply composting when treating living organisms from the waste products.
Now that the water is clean and free from hazardous substances, it is now safe to release the water to the lake or the river. Aside from releasing the water, it can also be used for different purposes including irrigation. Sewage treatment plants make it possible for the waste water to be treated at a significant rate which far surpasses natural treatments. No matter how much water available in our world, it is still important to treat water properly to keep a sufficient supply of usable water.
Cite: additional hints