The Function Of Sewage Treatment Plants
It is a fact that every community requires a sewage treatment plant to survive. Unfortunately, there are plenty of people repugnant to this industry as it involves waste thus they forgot the significance of this industry. Be that as it may, nobody can deny the significance of having a sewage treatment plant in every place. Sewage treatment plants are also called by the public as home waste water treatment plant. Sewage treatment plants basically collect waste and water from all sewage lines then treat these in order to produce clean usable water. Proper treatment is crucial in keeping the environment clean and free from pollution while making sure that germs and diseases which are harmful to humans are not spread. There are wastes which are avoided by sewage treatment plants such as chemical waste products. There are private sewage treatment facilities owned by commercial factories and industrial plants to treat waste products.
The whole sewage treatment process will go through 3 different stages. During the first stage, major contaminants are removed from the waste water. Among these contaminants are grease, oils, and other floating solids which can be found at the surface. The potential damage due to solid items can be devastating to the treatment facilities.
As for the second stage, this is the part where all living organisms present in the waste water are removed. In terms of the scope and depth of waste treatment, the second stage is considered the largest. Multiple treatment techniques are used during this stage. One treatment is the use of microorganisms for waste removal.
The last stage is to clean the water enough for the environmental regulations to pass for release. The water will go through a filtration system which cleans up the water. The treatment will also eliminate nitrogen and phosphorous from the water. And finally the water is treated with chlorine or UV treatment to disinfect the water.
As for the remaining solid wastes, they are treated accordingly. Treating the solid waste is also an important role of sewage treatment plants. There are usually two types of treatment process with the help of bacteria which are aerobic and anaerobic treatments. There is also the option to apply composting when treating living organisms from the waste products.
With so many treatment processes, the water has become clean and free from harmful bacteria and other particles which the environmental laws allow the water to be return to the natural bodies of water. Aside from releasing the water, it can also be used for different purposes including irrigation. Sewage treatment plants make it possible for the waste water to be treated at a significant rate which far surpasses natural treatments. No matter how much water available in our world, it is still important to treat water properly to keep a sufficient supply of usable water.